A Computational Phonology of Russian by Peter A. Chew

By Peter A. Chew

This dissertation offers a coherent, synchronic, broad-coverage, generative phonology of Russian. I try out the grammar empirically in a couple of how one can be certain its goodness of healthy to Russian. In taking this method, I objective to prevent making untested (or even incoherent) generalizations in accordance with just a handful of examples. ordinarily, the checks express that there are exceptions to the speculation, yet at the very least we all know what the exceptions are, a baseline is decided opposed to which destiny theories might be measured, and mostly the proportion of remarkable circumstances is lowered to lower than 5%. The imperative theoretical results of the paintings are as follows. First, I convey that every one of the phonological or morphophonological techniques reviewed will be defined via a grammar not more robust than context-free. Secondly, i take advantage of probabilistic constraints within the syllable constitution grammar to give an explanation for why constraints on word-marginal onsets and codas are weaker than on word-internal onsets and codas. I argue that the beneficial properties [+/- preliminary] and [+/- final], and extraprosodicity, are pointless for this function.

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V would 47 be possible syllabifications. CV. Kahn’s approach is to encode the Maximal Onset Principle as an integral part of the syllabification mechanism, as is clear from his statement quoted on p. 43 above. As Steriade (1982: 75) puts it, ‘Kahn’s algorithm… is partly a specification of certain aspects of the English syllable and partly a parsing device’. The second rule that Kahn proposes for syllable structure assignment is as in (5): (5) Rule II a. Ca V . CcCc+1…CaV " " where Cc+1…CaV is a permissible initial cluster but CcCc+1…CaV is not.

Which occurs between palatalized consonants). The ‘independent phoneme’ view also hinges in part on fringe phonological phenomena in Russian. g. ,!. $ =0-,' ='#)' (,2%&') (,2%&') (,7#64) (,4$',4) ‘to produce the sound (,)’ ‘to produce the sound (,)’ [place-name] [place-name] It has to be said, however, that such oppositions are rare: in particular, the examples in (17b) are non-native place-names which sound strange to the Russian ear. Forms where (,) appears to take on phonemic status might therefore be explained as exceptions, without incurring a great empirical cost.

However, Haugen’s rule in (11), for example, could be rewritten as the rules in (14)-(15): (14) (15) onset onset ' ' obstruent obstruent liquid glide By changing ‘margin’ to ‘onset’, and ‘C’ to ‘obstruent’, ‘liquid’, and ‘glide’, then adding appropriate definitions to show what the possible instantiations of obstruents, liquids and glides are, it is possible to capture generalizations about sonority within phrase-structure grammar. Phrase-structure analysis of syllable structure has the advantage that it abstracts away from the issue of syllable structure assignment.

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