A Grammar of Mam, a Mayan Language (Texas linguistics by Nora C. England

By Nora C. England

This is often the 1st full-length reference grammar of Mam, a Mayan language spoken this day by way of over 400,000 humans within the western highlands of Guatemala and the kingdom of Chiapas, Mexico. the results of over 3 years of intensive fieldwork in Guatemala, A Grammar of Mam, a Mayan Language is predicated at the dialect of Mam spoken through 12,000 humans in San Ildefonso Ixtahuacan within the division of Huehuetenango, Guatemala. England organizes A Grammar of Mam in response to complementary ideas: to research Mam following essentially conventional degrees of grammatical description and to give fabric in one of these approach that the historical past info precious for figuring out every one subject of debate shall were formerly supplied. as a result, England's research of the sound approach and morphophonemic procedures of Mam is via an outline of the features of root, inflectional, and derivational morphology. Chapters on word constitution precede chapters on sentence-level syntax. A Grammar of Mam is of specific curiosity in studying a Mayan language that's either syntactically and morphologically ergative and that's leading edge towards strengthening the ergative method. certainly in any respect degrees of linguistic association Mam is cutting edge, and consequently it's uniquely fascinating either traditionally and theoretically.

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3-12) Xwaan 'Juan' Liina 'Catarina' Wiit Miintz 'Mendez' 'Natividad' Patient 3. t-neej-a1 0-u1 aaj qo7-ya There are two different sets of non-verbal predicates--one 3s-FIRST-ord num 3sA-dir RETURN STATIVE/lpA-lp ex awtorisaa7ra-1 t-e AUTHORIZE-inf NON-VERBAL PREDICATES which has stative functions and the other which has locative komitee or existential functions. 2). kub' t-b'iyoo-n rec dir t-iib' xiinaq The structure of the two sets of non-verbal predicates is similar. 3sE-KILL-ap 3s-RN/refl MAN Each has a base which signals its type, to which is then added person markers which closely resemble the absolutive (Set B) 'The man killed himself.

Often results in what looks like metathesis. formative vowel, which is an underlying For instance, q'apooj 'young woman' has stress on the last syllable. If an abstract noun is made from this stern, stress shifts to the :)1 neutralizes to ~) -00, The stem shortens (and after a stem which has a long vowel or a vowel plus glottal stop in the final syllable. Examples: suffix (-iiI in this word, even though the suffix follows a b'iitza- stressed syllable) and the form is tq'opajiil 'youth (of ma7la- women)' .

E. not an enclitic), or but is fairly close to the abso1utive markers. a noun or an adjective. An example of a stative with a nomi­ nal base is: and third person stative forms include the c1itic plural. 2!. -a7- f/J 1p exc1 xjaa1 qo7-ya +1p q07 -07- qo 1p inc1 xjaa1 qo7 -lp f/J (+ qa) -e7- chi 2p xjaa1-qa-ya Examples of the non-verbal predicates in sentences follow. 3p xjaa1-qa (3-14) The ~ in the second and third person plural forms is the plural c1itic. t-a7 Abso1utive maax jaa LOC PRED-3sA UP TO HOUSE An example of a stative with an adjective 'He is in the house.

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