By Leonard Thompson, Lynn Berat
A heritage that's either exact and actual, written in a pleasant literary style.”Archbishop Desmond Tutu
Should develop into the traditional common textual content for South African background. . . . prompt for school periods and someone attracted to acquiring a ancient framework during which to put occasions happening in South Africa today.”Roger B. Beck, History: studies of recent Books
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Additional info for A History of South Africa, Fourth Edition
212 and 213. Photo: Yale Center for British Art, Paul Mellon Collection. 16. South Side Staging, Kimberley Mine. Photograph by Aldham and Aldham, Grahamstown, circa 1880. Photo: Manuscripts and Archives Collection, Sterling Memorial Library, Yale University. 17. Sorting the Gravel for Diamonds. Photo: Manuscripts and Archives Collection, Sterling Memorial Library, Yale University. 18. Morning Market, Kimberley, circa 1887. Reprinted from Robert Harris, South Africa (Port Elizabeth, 1888). Photo: Manuscripts and Archives Collection, Sterling Memorial Library, Yale University.
For some there may have been hard times when food was short, but rarely would it fail completely. For others life must have come close to ideal in terms of security. , some people in the most arid and most mountainous parts of Southern Africa were still living as their ancestors had done, by hunting game and gathering edible plants. Elsewhere to the west of the twenty-inch rainfall zone, wherever pastures were adequate, especially in the reliable winter-rainfall area in and near the Cape peninsula, people were herding sheep and cattle.
How and when did pastoralism reach that area? In a book published in 1977, historian Richard Elphick weighed the evidence then available. He agreed with those who had surmised that pastoralism probably started in Southern Africa when some hunter-gatherers who lived in what is now northern Botswana acquired first sheep and later cattle from pastoral people further north. That would have sparked off a process that transformed the way of life of more and more of the aboriginal hunting and gathering peoples of the western part of Southern Africa.