A New Approach to Religious Orientation: The by Stephen W. Krauss

By Stephen W. Krauss

The Commitment-Reflectivity Circumplex (CRC) version of spiritual orientation is brought and the consequences from a sequence of version checking out experiments are reviewed. The CRC version used to be constructed via a chain of stories within the usa and Romania and was once created as a way to lessen the theoretical and empirical problems linked to the normal Allportian spiritual orientation versions and measures. towards this finish, the problems linked to the Allportian non secular orientation versions are reviewed, in addition to how the CRC version makes an attempt to deal with them. subsequent, the CRC version is brought and a listing of its predictions are given and in comparison to these of the Allportian versions. the result of 10 version checking out experiences utilizing multidimensional scaling are then reviewed. In those experiences, the CRC version, which posits that every one non secular orientation should be positioned alongside dimensions of dedication (importance) and reflectivity (complexity), is located to be extra exact than the Allportian types in either the U.S. and Romania. in line with those stories, the which means and interpretation of the Allportian measures are reviewed and new interpretations are urged. finally, the relationships among spiritual orientation, psychological well-being, character, ideology, and prejudice are explored. In each zone, the CRC version, and the measures according to it, convey more suitable predictive skills to standard techniques in either the U.S. and Romania.

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Without such evidence, it is unclear the degree to which the revised scales are measuring the same construct as the original measures. This possible change in meaning is further illuminated by a factor analysis reported by Maltby and Day (1996) which shows four I items (3 con-trait items and the pro-WUDLW LWHP ³, KDYH RIWHQ KDG D VWURQJ VHQVH RI *RG¶V SUHVHQFH´ ZKLFK ZDV PLVWDNHQO\ LQFOXGHG DV part of the E scale in this study) with high, positive loading on the single E factor of four different samples utilizing his revised scale.

It is therefore unclear whether Allport would agree with Batson that people with a mature religion would see their own doubts in a positive light. Despite the identification of aspects of mature religion that were left out of the Intrinsic scale and the subsequent inclusion of these aspects in Quest, none of these aspects were ever intended to be PHDVXUHG VHSDUDWHO\ LQ %DWVRQ¶V V\VWHP  ,QVWHDG 4XHVW ZDV FRQFHLYHGRIDVD³EOHQGRIWKHVHWKUHHVXEGLPHQVLRQV´ %DWVRQ p. 434) and items were subsequently written that would try to measure this blend and not the individual aspects themselves.

This is typically called a validity analysis, and will be dealt with more in Chapter 5. An example of both of these procedures can be found in Kirkpatrick (1989). Kirkpatrick first used factor analysis to show that the Extrinsic scale (Allport & Ross, 1967) was measuring two different religious orientations: extrinsic-social (Es) and extrinsicpersonal (Ep). Kirkpatrick then showed that Es and Ep had different correlations with a number of variables, including the Intrinsic scale, prayer, and church attendance.

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