A Student Grammar of Turkish by F. Nihan Ketrez

By F. Nihan Ketrez

A scholar Grammar of Turkish is a concise creation to Turkish grammar, designed particularly for English-speaking scholars and pros. Written with the wishes of the learner a great deal in brain, it units out the grammar of the language in a transparent and jargon-free sort. The ebook not just explains the basics of the grammar, but in addition exams scholars' figuring out in an interactive approach with greater than 2 hundred routines. Key grammar issues are summarised in tables and there are lots of illustrative examples. a listing of grammatical phrases utilized in the publication and a key to all of the routines also are supplied. This crucial grammar and workout e-book can be utilized as a complement for college students learning the language, with a twin functionality as a reference advisor to appear up grammar issues, and as a source from which workouts should be set and language abilities practised.

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Mı? S¸irket mi? mı? 2 Genitive-possessive structures Possession in Turkish is marked with the attachment of the genitive marker to the possessor and the possessive marker -(s)I to the possessed: Possessor + (n)In Possessed + (s)I Here are some examples: Ahmet’in babası ‘Ahmet’s father’ bahc¸enin kapısı ‘the garden’s door’ ¨ ur’un ¨ ur’s car’ Om¨ ¨ arabası ‘Om¨ 42 Genitive and possessive Here is the full paradigm: Benim ¨ um, ¨ kek-im, portakal-ım, sutgurur-um, oda-m Senin ¨ un, ¨ gurur-un, oda-n kek-in, portakal-ın, sut- Onun ¨ u, ¨ gurur-u, oda-sı kek-i, portakal-ı, sut- Bizim ¨ um ¨ uz, ¨ gurur-umuz, oda-mız kek-imiz, portakal-ımız, sut- Sizin ¨ un ¨ uz, ¨ gurur-unuz, oda-nız kek-iniz, portakal-ınız, sut- Onların ¨ kek-leri, portakal-ları, sut-leri, gurur-ları, oda-ları Remember, when a vowel-initial suffix is attached to a word that ends in p, t, ¸c, or k, it undergoes voicing and p becomes b, t becomes d, ¸c becomes c, and k becomes either g˘ or g.

Remember, when we add an accusative case to a word such as mutfak it becomes mutfa˘gı. The same alternation is seen in the verbs with -mAK: Onunla tanıs¸mak istiyorum. ˘ c¸ok istiyorum. Onunla tanıs¸magı Ankara’yı g¨ormek istiyorum. ˘ c¸ok istiyorum. Ankara’yı g¨ormegi Remember that when the object is not adjacent to the verb, the accusative case is obligatory. When there is ¸cok in between verb-mAK and the main verb, the accusative case is obligatory in the same fashion. It is possible (but not obligatory) to have the accusative case when the verb-mAK complex is adjacent to the verb as well.

Orhan de˘gil, annem . m¨u, Emel mi? de˘gil, acaba kim ? mi, bizim daire mi? mi, is¸yeri mi? Malatya mı? de˘gil, kaplumba˘galar . de˘gil, Hayriye teyze . mı? S¸irket mi? mı? 2 Genitive-possessive structures Possession in Turkish is marked with the attachment of the genitive marker to the possessor and the possessive marker -(s)I to the possessed: Possessor + (n)In Possessed + (s)I Here are some examples: Ahmet’in babası ‘Ahmet’s father’ bahc¸enin kapısı ‘the garden’s door’ ¨ ur’un ¨ ur’s car’ Om¨ ¨ arabası ‘Om¨ 42 Genitive and possessive Here is the full paradigm: Benim ¨ um, ¨ kek-im, portakal-ım, sutgurur-um, oda-m Senin ¨ un, ¨ gurur-un, oda-n kek-in, portakal-ın, sut- Onun ¨ u, ¨ gurur-u, oda-sı kek-i, portakal-ı, sut- Bizim ¨ um ¨ uz, ¨ gurur-umuz, oda-mız kek-imiz, portakal-ımız, sut- Sizin ¨ un ¨ uz, ¨ gurur-unuz, oda-nız kek-iniz, portakal-ınız, sut- Onların ¨ kek-leri, portakal-ları, sut-leri, gurur-ları, oda-ları Remember, when a vowel-initial suffix is attached to a word that ends in p, t, ¸c, or k, it undergoes voicing and p becomes b, t becomes d, ¸c becomes c, and k becomes either g˘ or g.

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