By Gwendolyn Mikell
African feminism, this landmark quantity demonstrates, differs significantly from the Western types of feminism with which we've got get to grips because the Sixties. African feminists aren't, quite often, concerned about concerns equivalent to girl keep an eye on over copy or edition and selection inside human sexuality, nor with debates approximately essentialism, the feminine physique, or the discourse of patriarchy. The feminism that's slowly rising in Africa is relatively heterosexual, pronatal, and anxious with "bread, butter, and gear" issues.
Contributors current case experiences of ten African states, demonstrating that—as they try for entry to land, for the best to possess estate, for keep an eye on of nutrition distribution, for residing wages and secure operating stipulations, for future health care, and for election reform—African ladies are making a robust and particularly African feminism.
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Additional info for African Feminism: The Politics of Survival in Sub-Saharan Africa
The numbers of women educated in the 1960s varied across the continent. In Anglophone West Africa, the large numbers of women attending secondary school in the 1960s and 1970s demonstrated the post-independence attempt to open up access to the social goods of society,91 and this produced tremendous results in terms of women capable of participating in the political process. In Francophone areas, the education of women proceeded more slowly, both because of colonial ideology and, in some places, the larger Islamic populations, which gave preference to males in education.
Therefore, in the new ideology of nationalism, women's dual-sex organizations were often seen as impediments to the realization of state goals. The numbers of women educated in the 1960s varied across the continent. In Anglophone West Africa, the large numbers of women attending secondary school in the 1960s and 1970s demonstrated the post-independence attempt to open up access to the social goods of society,91 and this produced tremendous results in terms of women capable of participating in the political process.
In general it was not interested in women except under certain conditions. 71 As traditional political factions widened, male African leaders were not above using schisms within and between colonial estates—between mission and colonizer, or between various denominations—to support their bid for control over the indigenous society. However, in a social environment in which they struggled to achieve autonomy from the intrusive colonial force and to revalidate control over their social lives, African men often could best achieve control through more intensive subjugation of women's productive and reproductive abilities.