African Governance Report 2005 by United Nations

By United Nations

The African Governance file is the results of large examine overlaying governance practices in 27 African international locations. The findings have been subjected to a rigorous technique of experiences that concerned either nationwide and foreign specialists engaged on governance, political and monetary matters. The document is the 1st significant Africa-driven learn of its style, which aimed toward gauging extra empirically voters’ perceptions of the country of governance of their international locations, whereas opting for significant ability deficits in governance practices and associations and recommending top practices and ideas to handle them.

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In virtually every African country access to justice in a quick and efficient manner can be problematic. The court system is slow and expensive, and access to it is often determined by the social status of the person involved. Across project countries, 58% of the experts reported that the courts can always, usually or sometimes be accessed while 42% said rarely or never. There are differences among countries on how social status affects access to and dispensation of justice. In only 11 of 27 countries did more than 50% of the experts surveyed say that citizens can always or generally obtain full access to justice irrespective of their economic or social status.

10). The first are “high flyers”—countries that have instituted strong affirmative action policies in favour of women and that have established the necessary institutional structures and processes to encourage and stimulate women’s political empowerment. South Africa and Uganda are in this league. 9 Expert opinion on how government services address the needs of women Share of experts surveyed, by country (%) 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 Th Na mi b e G ia am bia So uth Afr ica Ma uri tiu s Gh an a Ug an d a Bo tsw an a Ta nz an ia Ga bo Mo n zam biq ue Le so tho Ca me roo n Ma law Zim i ba bw e Se ne ga l Ma li Mo roc Bu co rki na Fa so Nig er Za mb ia Eg yp Eth t iop ia Be n in Sw azi lan d Ch ad Ke ny a Nig eri a 0 Adequately or moderately address the needs of women Source: ECA governance survey of experts 30 Political governance Fairly address the needs of women Poorly or do not address the needs of women that have low levels of women’s participation in the political process, but that have taken moderate steps to improve it.

Leadership succession and change through the electoral process are significant steps towards democratic renewal and a new culture of governance in Africa In Ethiopia the ruling party, Ethiopia’s People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front, controls the parliament. The party assumed power through armed struggle and imposes a lot of discipline on its elected members, bordering on subordination of the parliament by the executive. The actions of the executive are rarely challenged by the parliament, and bills from the executive are usually passed with little scrutiny or debate.

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