An Introduction to Mathematical Cryptography (2nd Edition) by Joseph H. Silverman, Jeffrey Hoffstein, Jill Pipher

By Joseph H. Silverman, Jeffrey Hoffstein, Jill Pipher

This self-contained advent to trendy cryptography emphasizes the math in the back of the idea of public key cryptosystems and electronic signature schemes. The booklet specializes in those key themes whereas constructing the mathematical instruments wanted for the development and protection research of numerous cryptosystems. purely simple linear algebra is needed of the reader; recommendations from algebra, quantity conception, and chance are brought and built as required. this article offers an incredible advent for arithmetic and computing device technological know-how scholars to the mathematical foundations of recent cryptography. The ebook contains an intensive bibliography and index; supplementary fabrics can be found online.

The booklet covers quite a few subject matters which are thought of vital to mathematical cryptography. Key subject matters include:

* classical cryptographic buildings, corresponding to Diffie–Hellmann key trade, discrete logarithm-based cryptosystems, the RSA cryptosystem, and electronic signatures;

* primary mathematical instruments for cryptography, together with primality trying out, factorization algorithms, likelihood conception, details conception, and collision algorithms;

* an in-depth therapy of significant cryptographic recommendations, corresponding to elliptic curves, elliptic curve and pairing-based cryptography, lattices, lattice-based cryptography, and the NTRU cryptosystem.

The moment variation of An advent to Mathematical Cryptography encompasses a major revision of the fabric on electronic signatures, together with an prior creation to RSA, Elgamal, and DSA signatures, and new fabric on lattice-based signatures and rejection sampling. Many sections were rewritten or elevated for readability, particularly within the chapters on details idea, elliptic curves, and lattices, and the bankruptcy of extra issues has been improved to incorporate sections on electronic money and homomorphic encryption. a number of new routines were integrated.

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Extra info for An Introduction to Mathematical Cryptography (2nd Edition) (Undergraduate Texts in Mathematics)

Example text

Uw , where u1 , . . , uw ∈ Z n . By u∗1 , . . , u∗w , we denote the vectors obtained by applying the Gram-Schmidt process to the vectors u1 , . . , uw . It is known that given a basis u1 , . . , uw of a lattice L, LLL algorithm [17] can find a new basis b1 , . . , bw of L with the following properties. – b∗i 2 ≤ 2 b∗i+1 2 , for 1 ≤ i < w. i−1 – For all i, if bi = b∗i + j=1 μi,j b∗j then |μi,j | ≤ – w 2 1 w b1 ≤ 2 det(L) , w 2 b2 ≤ 2 det(L) 1 w−1 1 2 for all j. By b∗1 , . . , b∗w , we mean the vectors obtained by applying the Gram-Schmidt process to the vectors b1 , .

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CreateUser(PK, MK, u). The algorithm CreateUser chooses a secret mku ∈ Zp and outputs the public key PKu := g mku and the private key SKu := MK ·P mku = g y · P mku for user u. CreateAuthority(PK, a). The algorithm CreateAuthority chooses uniformly and randomly a hash function Hxa : {0, 1}∗ → Zp from a finite family of hash functions, which we model as random oracles. It returns as secret key the index of the hash function SKa := xa . RequestAttributePK(PK, A, SKa ). , aA = a), RequestAttributePK returns the public attribute key of A, which consists of two parts: PKA := PKA := g HSKa (A) , PKA := e(g, g)y HSKa (A) .

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