An Introduction to the Celtic Languages by Paul Russell

By Paul Russell

This article presents a single-volume, single-author normal advent to the Celtic languages.

The first half the e-book considers the historic history of the language crew as a complete. There follows a dialogue of the 2 major sub-groups of Celtic, Goidelic (comprising Irish, Scottish, Gaelic and Manx) and Brittonic (Welsh, Cornish and Breton) including an in depth survey of 1 consultant from every one team, Irish and Welsh.

The moment part considers a number linguistic beneficial properties that are frequently considered as attribute of Celtic: spelling platforms, mutations, verbal nouns and observe order.

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Extra resources for An Introduction to the Celtic Languages

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3 Insular Celtic The Insular Celtic languages are those which are or were spoken in the British Isles. This customary definition also includes Breton spoken in Brittany in mainland Europe. The insular languages divide into the Brittonic group, consisting of Welsh, Comish and Breton, and the Goidelic group, made up of Irish, Scottish Gaelic and Manx. 3 (Brittonic)). First, the distribution of the languages requires consideration. The insular languages are the main object of study of this book and at this point only the barest outlines will be given; further details are found in Chapters 2 to 5.

G. OIr bó, W bu 'cow, ox' < IE *gwou- (cf. Lat bous, Gk boûs, Skt gauh), Gaul bnanom, OIr ben, W benyw 'woman' < IE *gwenā (cf. 4 IE */ṛ/ and */Ị/ > Celtic /ri/ and /li/ In positions between consonants /r/ and /// are vocalized in all languages though the quality of the vowel varies significantly. g. W rhyd, Gaul Ritu- 'ford' < *prtu- (cf. Lat portus, Eng ford), Olr lethan, W llydan, Gaul Litano'broad' < *plt-(cf. Gk platús) (de Bernardo Stempel 1987). 2 Morphology and syntax There are also morphological features common to all the Celtic languages.

Many of the features are found in other Indo-European languages (for example, loss of *p is paralleled in Armenian) but it is the sum of these features which goes to define the Celtic languages. 1 Phonology Reconstructed Proto-Celtic represents a stage at which a range of sound changes has already taken place which distinguishes it from other IndoEuropean languages and is common to all Celtic languages. 3. e. 1). 4). 2. Loss of /p/ One of the most striking features of Celtic phonology in an IndoEuropean context is the absence of an inherited /p/ (H.

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