By Pieter De Leemans
Mediaevalia Lovaniensia 39Communication results in an evolution of information, and the loose alternate of information results in clean findings. within the heart a long time issues have been no assorted. The inheritance of historic wisdom deeply encouraged medieval idea. The writings of old Greek philosophers resembling Aristotle reached medieval readers essentially via translations. Translators made an interpretation of the source-text, and their translations turned the topic of commentaries. An figuring out of the complicated net of kin between source-texts, translations, and commentaries finds how medical considering developed throughout the center a while. Aristotle's Problemata, a textual content frightening quite a few questions about clinical and daily issues, amply illustrates the verbal exchange of principles throughout the transition among antiquity and the Renaissance.
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Extra resources for Aristotle's "Problemata" in Different Times and Tongues
9 has an etymology for ‘spleen’ from ‘attract’ which occurs in the lexicographer Orion (5thcent. AD) and the medical writers Meletius (7thcent. ). The terms ‘spleen’ and ‘attract’ are also used in close proximity, without any explicit allusion to the etymology, by Galen, Meth. med. 16 (vol. 10 p. 16-17 Kühn). FLASHAR, ‘Beiträge…’, p. 413. This is however questioned by SLUITER, above n. 10. 8735-06_Goyens-Leem_02 24 19/12/06, 4:52 pm PSEUDO-ALEXANDER OR PSEUDO-ARISTOTLE 25 papyrus16, in Plutarch17 and in Athenaeus18; there is also an apparent cross-reference from the Bekker Problems themselves19.
R. ), Commentarii in Hippocratis aphorismos (Scholia in Hippocratem et Galenum 2), Königsberg: Bornträger, 1834, p. W. SHARPLES 22 miscellaneous problems, some medical and some concerned with food, wine and the like. Book 2 Usener starts with 38 miscellaneous physiological problems. 39-192 it begins with ‘Is it because’ (Æ ºti), as in the Bekker Problems. Parallels with ancient medical literature also seem different in character in the two groups of texts. 105-126 there are parallels in the Hippocratic writings to a number of the alleged facts that provide the problems, though not to the solutions.
Only four of the MSS containing all or part of books 1-2 Bussemaker do not contain books 1-2 Ideler; but there are 7 MSS which contain all of books 1-2 Ideler, and 16 which contain part of these, without books 1-2 Bussemaker. The leaves (18-25) containing part of book 2 in MS Leiden, Voss. misc. 16 (see H. Wegehaupt, ‘Zur Überlieferung der pseudo-Aristotelischen problßmata ânékdota', Philologus 75 , p. 469-473) are in fact the first eight of those missing from Oxford, New College MS 233; see the introduction to our forthcoming edition (above, n.