Babylonian Creation Myths by W. G. Lambert

By W. G. Lambert

For a lot of the final half the 20th century, W. G. Lambert committed a lot of his study power and energy to the learn of Babylonian texts facing Mesopotamian rules concerning production, together with in particular Enuma Elish. This quantity, which seems to be virtually precisely 2 years after Lambert's loss of life, distills a life of studying via the world's most efficient professional on those texts. Lambert presents an entire transliteration and translation of the 7 capsules of Enuma Elish, in response to the identified exemplars, in addition to insurance of a couple of different texts that endure on, or are concept to endure on, Mesopotamian notions of the foundation of the realm, mankind, and the gods. New variations of seventeen extra "creation stories" are supplied, together with "Enmesharra's Defeat," "Enki and Ninmah," "The Slaying of Labbu,' and "The Theogony of Dunnu."

Lambert will pay targeted cognizance, in fact, to the relationship of the most epic, Enuma Elish, with the increase and position of Marduk within the Babylonian pantheon. He strains the improvement of this deity's foundation and upward push to prominence and elaborates the connection of this article, and the others mentioned, to the non secular and political weather Babylonia.

The quantity contains 70 plates (primarily hand-copies of a number of the exemplars of Enuma Elish) and broad indexes.

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In I 5, K writes i-ḫi-iqqu-ma, while AM write one q only. In II 134, D has ni-iḫ-ḫa, which is correct according to our grammars, but a has ni-i-ḫi and d ni-i-ḫu. In VI 85, Gg have i-na-a-d[u], but M i-na-ad-du. The scribes do not have fixed practices with these verbs. Abnormal length occurs in the Late Middle Assyrian ḫu-ú-du (II 145), and pi-i-[ti] (II 139, 141), and in the later še-e-mi (II 131). Most peculiar is ku-ú-ru, for kurru, attested in one Babylonian and one Nineveh copy as against ku-r[u] of one Assur copy (I 66 Gg and K).

A study of tablets marking the caesura in the way described shows that the scribes have not bothered to put the division at the right point in many cases. For example, in I 19 and 36 of the Epic ana | ālid and ana | mê are separated on MS a, Introduction: The Text of Enūma Eliš 21 Table 1. Lines Used for Study of Their Structure. Tablet I: Tablet II: Tablet III: Tablet IV: Tablet V: Tablet VI: Total all . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 162 omitting 15–48, 63–64, 147–48 .

III 1, 7. IV 1, 7, 39, 61, 67, 87, 103, 109, 111, 119, 123, 131. V 11, 17, 123, 133, 135, 149. VI 7, 13, 15, 21, 23, 25, 29, 33, 45, 47, 55, 59, 65, 67, 74, 76, 95, 97, 121. 2/3 I 90, 92, 148. II [104], [113], [115], [125]. III 56. ), 85, 92, 134. V 4, 69, 73, 77, 120. VI 77, 79, 90, 101. 3/1 II 11. V 117. 3/2 I 103, 149, 158, 159. II [111]. III 11. IV 70, 71, 146. V 80. VI 89, 120, 157. 1/2, a lines, with phrases I 33, 61, 81, 115, 129. IV 105, 121, 137. V 115. VI 1, 9, 31, 43, 63, 99, 105, 119.

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