Brain Facts: A Primer on the Brain and Nervous System by The Society for Neuroscience

By The Society for Neuroscience

This publication offers a glimpse of what's identified in regards to the fearful method, the issues of the mind and a few of the interesting avenues of study that promise new remedies for lots of neurological ailments.

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Approximately five percent to 10 percent of individuals with AD have an inherited form of the disease. These patients often have early-onset illness. Recently, scientists have identified mutations in AD-linked genes on three chromosomes. The gene encoding the amyloid precursor protein gene is on chromosome 21. In other families with early-onset AD, mutations have been identified in the presenilin 1 and 2 genes, which are on chromosomes 14 and 1, respectively. Apolipoprotein E (apoE), a chromosome 19 gene, which influences susceptibility in late life, exists in three forms, with apoE4 clearly associated with enhanced risk.

This interaction can cloud thinking and eventually lead to a coma. Researchers are developing treatments, which interfere with molecules, such as the opioid peptides, and trigger alcohol’s positive reinforcing e∑ects. One such drug, naltrexone, recently has been approved for treating alcoholism. Marijuana This drug can distort perception, and alter the sense of time, space and self. In certain situations, marijuana can produce intense anxiety. In radioactive tracing studies, scientists found that tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the active ingredient in marijuana, binds to specific receptors, many of which coordinate movement.

Studies indicate that dyslexia is a persistent, chronic condition. ” There is now a strong consensus that the central di≈culty in dyslexia reflects a deficit within the language system, and more specifically, in a component of the language system called Until recently, if you or a loved one had a stroke, your doctor would tell your family there was no treatment. In all likelihood, the patient would live out the remaining months or years with severe neurological impairment. This dismal scenario has now been radically altered.

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