By Elisabeth Croll, David Parkin
Taking a special anthropological apprach, Bush Base: woodland Farm explores the administration of assets in 3rd could improvement programmes. The participants, all individual anthropologists with sensible adventure of improvement initiatives, concentrate on the position of human cultural mind's eye within the use of environmental assets. They problem the conventional sharp contrast among human cost and natual atmosphere (farm or camp, woodland or bush), and argue that improvement programmes may still position at their centre an appreciation of people's cosmologies and cultural understandings.
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Extra info for Bush Base, Forest Farm: Culture, Environment, and Development (European Inter-University Development Opportunities Study Group)
The naming or identification of actors or agents who undertake the transformations is important for they are the architects of construction. In turn, the conferment of authority on both the development specialist and the local agent requires the acquisition of certain attributes and capacities. The international or national development specialist requires a training in performance design and direction. For the local populations the performance involves the learning of new lines and cues often based on scripts or codes incorporating outside knowledge, naming and categorizations which equip, enable and enhance the performance.
WORKING DEVELOPMENT Within the field of development we commonly deploy hard distinctions between culture and the environment, and between these and human agents wishing to define and work the environment. Just as the meanings and messages attributed to the concept of development have become Cultural understandings of the environment 31 so polysemic, so there is no single set of understandings of, distinctions in or relations between culture and the environment which are characteristic of or unique to development.
19, London and New York: Academic Press. 36 Bush base: forest farm Richards, P. (1985) Indigenous Agricultural Revolution: Ecology and Food Production in West Africa, London: Hutchinson. —— (1986) Coping with Hunger: Hazard and Experiment in an African Rice Farming System, London: Allen & Unwin. Sahlins, M. (1974) Stone Age Economics, London: Tavistock. M. ) (1979) Guardians of the Land: Essays on Central African Territorial Cults, Gwelo: Mambo Press. Part II Ecocosmologies 3 Culture and the perception of the environment Tim Ingold INTRODUCTION Ecology is the study of the interrelations between organisms and their environments.