Community-Based Urban Development: Evolving Urban Paradigms by Im Sik Cho, Blaž Križnik

By Im Sik Cho, Blaž Križnik

The ebook compares diversified methods to city improvement in Singapore and Seoul over the last many years, through concentrating on group participation within the transformation of neighbourhoods and its impression at the outfitted surroundings and communal lifestyles. Singapore and Seoul are recognized for his or her quick monetary development and urbanisation below a robust regulate of developmental country some time past. in spite of the fact that, those towns are at a severe crossroads of societal transformation, the place participatory and community-based city improvement is gaining value. This new procedure should be obvious due to a altering courting among the country and civil society, the place an rising partnership among either goals to beat the constraints of previous city improvement. The publication attracts cognizance to the probabilities and demanding situations that those towns face whereas relocating in the direction of a extra inclusive and socially sustainable post-developmental urbanisation. by way of employing a comparative point of view to appreciate the evolving city paradigms in Singapore and Seoul, this specific and well timed publication bargains insights for students, pros and scholars drawn to modern Asian urbanisation and its destiny trajectories.

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Extra resources for Community-Based Urban Development: Evolving Urban Paradigms in Singapore and Seoul

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If urbanisation is primarily an instrument of rapid economic growth as well as of social and political control on one hand, and if civil society, on the other hand, hardly exists as an autonomous and legitimate sphere of social and political action in relation to the national or local state and as free from the intrusion of market, it is difficult to talk about civic participation in urban development (Douglass 2008; Križnik 2009; Choi 2011). Citizens have been in this sense largely excluded from taking part in urban development, although the developmental state has at the same time tolerated, as noted, growth of informal urban settlements.

2 Modernisation of the Fatherland in South Korea Developmental state in South Korea has been largely associated with the rise of the authoritarian regime of General Park Chung-hee, who seized the power through the military coup d’état in 1961, became elected president two years later, and subsequently ruled the country until his assassination in 1979. Faced with growing social tensions, economic instability, political divisions and the permanent military threat from North Korea, Park’s regime quickly embarked on radical economic and political reforms after ousting the democratically elected government (Cumings 2005).

44–46) Choe (1975 cited in Perry et al. 1997, p. 202) has also reported that the affected families were given generous resettlement benefits such as cash compensation, ‘priority in the allocation of space in one of the new planned estates and incentives that made owner occupation an attractive option’ while shopkeepers who were affected by resettlement schemes were provided with ‘priority in renting alternative HDB premise at subsidized rates’. Although the Singapore government has taken generous care in the resettlement process as illustrated above, many studies about the early years of the resettlement involving the majority of the population who were relocated to high-density and high-rise public housing have reported that the relocation had critical impacts on social organisation and neighbouring patterns and dislocation of the social networks that were established in the earlier settlements (Tai 1988).

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