By Ming Zhang
The ebook contributes to answering the questions raised via mayors, governors, and federal govt officers in Brazil: What can towns do to enhance monetary functionality and create jobs? The query is approached via a evaluation of theories and coverage concepts for urban competitiveness, initial benchmarking of Brazilian towns, and case stories of 2 city components in Northeast Brazil the Cariri zone, Cear?? and S??o Lu?s, Maranh??o. The publication concludes that to develop into and remain aggressive, towns have to attempt to minimize the price of doing company by way of enhancing companies, infrastructure, and lowering bureaucracies. yet for a middle-income state like Brazil, which has to be economically aggressive in a globalized atmosphere, this isn't enough. towns additionally have to try so as to add price to neighborhood companies. a vital a part of the tactic can be to create and maintain an atmosphere that stimulates neighborhood organizations to innovate and research from one another, to nurture and facilitate the production of synergies generated via the presence of interconnected financial clusters within the urban, and to supply incentives for all neighborhood gamers to always improve the extent of competitiveness to develop into greater and the simplest. with reference to neighborhood coverage activities, this ebook highlights the cluster method of competitiveness, with its specialise in facilitating deepest quarter collaborations for collective potency organizing and facilitating inner most and public associations to reach at a standard cluster imaginative and prescient; picking possibilities for progress and collaboration; selling joint activities akin to co-information, co-learning, co-marketing, and co-purchasing; and together development monetary foundations equivalent to R&D capacities, infrastructure, talents upgrading, and public inner most zone aid associations. This e-book has supplied many examples of activities that could be undertaken on the neighborhood point, however it additionally emphasizes the serious value for towns to pursue a special technique in accordance with their comparative and aggressive merits.
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Extra resources for Competitiveness and Growth in Brazilian Cities: Local Policies and Actions for Innovation (Directions in Development)
Northeast Brazil) agglomeration economies (urbanization and localization economies) Source: Authors, based on various sources. 1): • • • • • • Historical legacy Innovation Human capital (skills, training, and education) Local competition Private investment and infrastructure Quality of local governance. Innovation, human capital, and local competition all command strong empirical support, and, particularly human capital, support competitive advantage through an array of mechanisms. 10 The same is true for the quality of local governance as a driver of competitive advantage.
This term refers to a situation where state and municipal governments competitively offer appealing fiscal incentives (tax breaks or other subsidies) to attract investments, often resulting in high fiscal cost and relatively low benefits to the local economy. CHAPTER 1 What Makes Cities Competitive? A Selective Review of Theories and International Experiences Mark Roberts and Ming Zhang Introduction A key question confronting policy makers the world over is how best to ensure competitive economic success in a rapidly evolving global environment.
Leveraging competitive advantage requires strategic planning based on the identification of a locality’s unique, perhaps hidden, capacities. 18 Despite the above emphasis on proximity in knowledge transfer, local synergies are not the only type of synergy that helps create competitive advantage. Also important are synergies—nonlocal synergies—that might be thought of as being external to a city. 19 This is a type of positive synergy that results from the interaction of the costs of starting a business with transport costs and labor mobility, and its spatial range might extend across several regions of a country (Venables 2006, pp.