Computational Modeling of Behavior in Organizations: The by Daniel R. Ilgen, Charles L. Hulin

By Daniel R. Ilgen, Charles L. Hulin

Contributing authors describe how they've got used this strong researc h strategy to examine quite a lot of common organizational difficulties, suc h as worker withdrawal; faking on character assessments; the pressures o f organizational switch; and the formation, continuation, and dissolut ion of teams. through demonstrating methods that aren't simply observa ble through conventional empirical tools, computational modeling can provide to turn into a vital study procedure for revealing the dynamic effec ts of complicated behaviors in organisations. This quantity will express resea rchers either the merits of utilizing computational modeling and the bes t ideas, contexts, and strategies for its use.

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Example text

The negative sanctions for tardiness may outweigh 38 HANISCH the relief the behavior provides from job stress. In this scenario, according to the alternate forms model, alternatives to tardiness such as drinking before work, absenteeism, or quitting should increase. Other organizations may place severe sanctions on absenteeism, thereby suppressing it as an alternative, or may have benefit packages that encourage “early”retirement, increasing the likelihood of this form of organizational withdrawal.

If this description is accurate, absenteeism can be reduced by increasing the advantages of going to work and increasing the disadvantages of not going. Based on this theory, attendance can be increased in several ways that have been studied in some detail. Wagner and Bankshares (1990) completed a meta-analysis of the effectiveness of absenteeism control methods used by organizations. The increase or decrease in 40 HANISCH absenteeism in each study was converted into an effect size statistic (d) using Hunter, Schmidt, and Jackson’s (1982) methods.

The remaining research difficulties are daunting. First, there are several empirical traces of worker withdrawal. They include the obvious issues, such as turnover and early retirement, but they also include less obvious forms, such as wasting time on the job, tardiness, absence, and so forth. Second, there are many different accounts of Virtual Organizations 29 (a) the relation between attitudes and resulting behaviors, (b) the expected structural relation between the empirical traces of withdrawal behaviors and their attitudinal antecedents, and (c) the feedback dynamics as attitudinal change and withdrawal trace behaviors occur.

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