By Per Lundin
To be able to comprehend the function of pcs in society, it is very important examine the advanced courting among the layout and use of pcs from the point of view of the user.
Computers in Swedish Society reports this shift within the historiography of computing from inventors and concepts to a user-perspective, and examines how the correct resources should be created, amassed, preserved, and disseminated. The textual content describes and evaluates a collaborative undertaking in Sweden that documented the tales of round seven hundred humans, and acquired huge donations of archival documents and artifacts. The booklet additionally offers a serious dialogue at the interpretation of oral facts, proposing 3 case experiences on how this facts can tell us concerning the interplay of computing with large-scale adjustments in economies, cultures, and societies.
Topics and features:
* Describes a historiography aimed toward addressing the query of the way computing formed and remodeled Swedish society among 1950 and 1980
* offers a user-centered viewpoint at the heritage of computing, after explaining some great benefits of such an approach
* Examines the documentation of clients, describing novel and cutting edge documentation equipment resembling witness seminars and Internet-based collections of memories
* Discusses the professionals and cons of collaborative tasks among academia and industry
* presents case experiences at the interpretation of oral facts, facing social networks and flows of information, clients and makes use of of know-how, and the materiality and geography of computing
The equipment and documentation of clients defined during this particular text/reference won't in simple terms be of significant curiosity to historians of computing, expertise, technological know-how and drugs, but in addition to researchers in technology and know-how stories, in library and knowledge reports, and in ethnography, ethnology and folkloristic experiences.
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Additional info for Computers in Swedish Society: Documenting Early Use and Trends (History of Computing)
Norberg, “A Perspective on the History of the Charles Babbage Institute and the Charles Babbage Foundation,” 20ff. php/OralHistory:IEEE_Oral_History_Collection (accessed November 4, 2011); Frederik Nebeker, personal communication, May 22, 2007. 87 The list is not long, but quite impressive. “Computer History Collection,” http://americanhistory. cfm (accessed June 10, 2009). 7 Documenting History of Computing 27 The vast majority of these are conducted with engineers and scientists affiliated with MIT.
The raison d’être for such a project was formulated in a straightforward manner: people were passing away. The senior practitioners in the focus groups made the first documentation efforts. They conducted a number of interviews, mainly with each other, but without following the established practice in oral history to, firstly, record them with sound (or, secondly, to make careful notes). Inspired by the curators at Nordiska museet, the members in one focus group also decided to write their own autobiographies, but it resulted in no more than half-a-dozen autobiographies.
Php (accessed June 15, 2009). 71 Ibid. 72 Torbjörn Nilsson, personal communication, August 24, 2007; “Vittnesseminarier: Samtidshistoriska institutet” (unpublished document). In 2004, Södertörn University also initiated a pilot project on elite oral history aiming at central political decision-makers. Ylva Waldemarsson, “Politiska makthavare som historisk källa,” Arkiv, samhälle och forskning 2007:2, 6–23; idem, “Den redigerade källan,” Arbetarhistoria 2008:1, 32–5. 73 They have found oral sources useful as a supplement to written sources.