Contracting out for human services: economic, political, and by Ruth Hoogland DeHoog

By Ruth Hoogland DeHoog

Contracting out for prone has turn into a favored procedure in government's perennial quest to chop spending. but seldom has the perform been tested from any however the public selection strategy. This publication explores contracting out within the vital sector of human providers, masking the serious stipulations of contracting and the very important issues of politics, tactics, provider caliber, and effectiveness.
In doing so, DeHoog makes use of 3 theoretical views drawn from social technological know-how traditions: the industrial viewpoint of industry imperfections, the political viewpoint of cooptation, and the interdisciplinary viewpoint of organizational decision-making. to guage the views and their predictions within the human companies, DeHoog has tested contracting in social prone (Title XX) and employment and coaching courses, (CETA), basically via in-depth interviews with members.

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Extra resources for Contracting out for human services: economic, political, and organizational perspectives

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Items that are not usually included in municipal service budgets by service areas. 31 James T. Bennett and Manuel H. 32 On the other hand, some of the costs connected with the contracting out alternative may also be underestimated. Critics of contracting out charge that government officials and researchers often do not examine the long-run costs of contracting out; simple before-after comparisons (though not generally used in the academic studies) understate actual costs, since new contractors will often bid low to get a contract, and then increase the amounts over time.

Page v Contents Preface viii 1 Advantages and Disadvantages of Contracting Out 1 The Case for Contracting Out 4 Review of Empirical Literature on Contracting Out 7 Problems and Limitations of Contracting Out 12 2 Three Additional Perspectives on Contracting Out 17 Analysis of the Procontracting Argument: Three Conditions 17 The Economics of Market Imperfections 22 The Politics of Cooptation 25 The Process of Organizational Decision Making 28 3 The Human Service Cases 34 Goals of the Research 34 Case Selection and Methods of Study 36 An Introduction to Title XX Contracting Out in Michigan Department of Social Services 37 CETA Contracting Out in the Michigan Department of Labor 46 Page vi 4 Competition in Service Environments and Contracting Out Procedures 54 Competition in DSS' Service Environment 55 Competition in DSS' Contracting Out Procedures 59 Competition in the Employment and Training Environment 62 Competition in BET's Contracting Out Procedures 65 5 Making Contract Decisions 71 Why Contract Out for Title XX Services?

42 The procedures of any administrative agency can have a positive or a negative affect on its services. Therefore, the actual regulations and behavior of contracting participants should be of interest to those who may wish to use this alternative to conventional bureaucratic supply. 43 Yet they offer fertile areas of study, simply because contracting decisions and results are not produced in a vacuum they are the outcome of political and administrative pressures. This brief review of the gaps in the present contracting literature is not meant to whet the scholarly appetite for a full treatment of all the issues and needs of the literature mentioned here.

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