Critical Infrastructures at Risk : Securing the European by A.V. Gheorghe, M. Masera, M. Weijnen, L.J. De Vries

By A.V. Gheorghe, M. Masera, M. Weijnen, L.J. De Vries

Europe witnessed within the final years a couple of major energy contingencies. a few of them published the potentiality of monstrous impression at the welfare of society and brought on urgent questions about the reliability of electrical strength platforms. Society has included electrical energy as an inherent part, necessary for attaining the predicted point of caliber of existence. hence, any impingement at the continuity of the electrical energy provider will be capable of misery society as an entire, affecting contributors, social and fiscal actions, different infrastructures and crucial executive services. it might be attainable to hypothesize that during severe occasions this may even disappointed nationwide safeguard. This booklet explores the capability dangers and vulnerabilities of the ecu electrical energy infrastructure, different infrastructures and our society as complete more and more rely on. The paintings was once initiated by way of the necessity to ensure the capability results of the continuing marketplace and technical transformation of the infrastructure, that is essentially altering its operation and function. the ultimate objective is to set the foundation for a suitable commercial and political European-wide reaction to the chance demanding situations.

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Additional resources for Critical Infrastructures at Risk : Securing the European Electric Power System (Topics in Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality) (Topics in Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality)

Example text

At the same time, any assessment of the European situation with respect to the security of supply will have to develop a truly comprehensive view, including EU and non-EU members, neighbouring countries, and all kinds of threats that might jeopardize supply security. It seems that the concepts related to security have still to be unequivocally defined, and accepted by all stakeholders. In the end, the technical perspective on the problem cannot be dissociated from the framework defined by the market and the law, and from the nature of the prevailing risks, including cyber risks, and man-induced and natural hazards.

This awareness about potential risks emphasises the need to be reassured that the electric power system can meet the growing requirement for uninterrupted electricity supply. 1. Critical Infrastructures: complexity and interdependencies (attributed to W. Kröger) x which is the security level, against all possible hazards, that is at the same time tolerable for society, aimed by governments and affordable for industry; x which level of capital investment and technological development is adequate for contrasting those risks; x how to take into consideration the interests of the multiple industrial actors (generation, transmission and distribution companies), market actors, and other stakeholders, in the context Chapter 1 10 of environmental and safety norms and the obligations of a public service; x which are the means and ways by which the risk-related decisions will be made.

The concept of public value adds to the complexity of infrastructure organisation, as it contains multiple objectives, which may change over time. We should therefore be able to identify the public values at stake, to arrive at a trade-off between conflicting public values, and to signal emerging public values.

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