By Yongmei Zhou
The query of no matter if political, financial and administrative decentralization improves executive effectiveness is hotly debated between researchers and policymakers. There are theoretical arguments either for and opposed to decentralization, yet empirical paintings is scarce. Decentralization, Democracy and improvement: contemporary adventure from Sierra Leone is a contribution to this literature. The booklet additionally makes a helpful contribution to the controversy on even if decentralization is a practicable procedure state-building process for post-conflict international locations. a suite of 8 papers written through 9 authors, the e-book first files a fancy decentralization technique in Sierra Leone from 2003-07. in this interval, the govt. of Sierra Leone (GoSL) re-established elected district and concrete councils around the nation, transferred convinced duties for fundamental companies and native funding and a few monetary assets to the hot councils, and invested seriously in construction the executive infrastructure and skill of the neighborhood councils. Measured via the price range figures, the measure of energy that has been transferred to neighborhood councils appears to be like particularly small. despite the fact that, from neighborhood councils having no autonomy to having autonomy over 6 percentage of presidency fundamental spending is an important qualitative switch of the intergovernmental courting. because the authors documented, the development used to be challenging fought. in comparison to so much different SSA nations that experience launched into decentralization, Sierra Leone s growth in development neighborhood executive means and restructuring the economic approach is enviable. The authors finish that superior defense and public prone are attainable in a decentralizing kingdom yet Sierra Leone s development should not have been attainable with out major attempt at financial decentralization and in depth funding in neighborhood executive skill development. the main serious aspect for this promising yet fragile reform procedure is the dynamic management workforce answerable for selling the recent institutional framework and their continual attempt to accomplish speedy development within the neighborhood govt approach and public companies.
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Additional info for Decentralization, Democracy and Development: Recent Experience from Sierra Leone (World Bank Country Study)
As the previous section documented, the progress was hard fought. Compared to most other SSA countries that have embarked on decentralization, Sierra Leone’s progress in building local government capacity and restructuring the fiscal system is enviable. As Sierra Leone moves forward to the second phase of the decentralization program, many sustainability challenges remain that the government must address. The first sustainability challenge is local councils’ ability to attract and retain qualified staff.
In accordance with the country’s legislative procedures and processes, the minister responsible for local government formally read the SI in the Chamber of Parliament and formally laid the document in Parliament for a statutory period of 21 working days. 8 Local Government Act 2004 and the Political Framework LGA 2004 comprehensively supports the political framework for local government and decentralization in Sierra Leone. ”9 In laying out the political framework, the LGA addresses: ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ Election and composition of local councils as well as term of each local council (four years) Qualifications for becoming a councilor, which focus on being a resident of the locality Procedures for electing a mayor and chair as well as removal from office Procedures and processes to conduct the first Business of Councils after it was constituted (post elections) Convening and conduct of meetings with regard to the relevance and use of Standing Orders Operations of councils through council committees Powers of local councils to make and execute byelaws Facilitation, mediation, and coordinating roles and responsibilities of the Ministry of Local Government and Rural Development and of the Ministry of Finance, which must be consulted on all fiscal decentralization matters.
A task team leader (TTL) was appointed to coordinate and supervise the various multistakeholders’ engagements and consultations as well as briefings to both GoSL and the Bank. To support the design of the local government and decentralization program, a grant known as the Project Preparation Facility (PPF) was sourced from the Japanese government. This funding was administered by the GoSL through the Governance Reform Secretariat (GRS). The latter, a unit in the Ministry of Presidential and Public Affairs in the Office of the President of GoSL, was made implementer, and a WorldBank-supported project (Public Sector Management Support 11) was made grants manger on behalf of the Bank.