Democratization in Morocco: The Political Elite and by Lise Storm

By Lise Storm

This publication explores the political video games of the Moroccan democratization strategy within the interval from independence in 1956 until eventually 2006. through combining an excellent measure of political conception with empirical fabric on Morocco, it analyzes the concepts and activities of many of the political actors and evaluates the extent of democracy found in the rustic after the adoption of recent constitutions in 1962, 1970, 1972, 1980, 1992 and 1996. Lise typhoon demonstrates that during not less than a few situations, democratization has been greater than easily a survival approach – from time to time, key figures in the political elite have taken the democratization method extra than strictly wanted for them to stick in energy. relating to Morocco, it's been the monarch who on a couple of party has moved the rustic additional in the direction of the democratic perfect than he unavoidably needed to, and that usually even opposed to the needs of 1 or extra of the validated political events. This booklet illustrates how the Moroccan political events, like such a lot of in their opposite numbers within the zone, became the most trouble to extra democratization as such a lot of them have by no means honoured – or seem to have deserted – the most important functionality of political events: renowned illustration. Democratization in Morocco can be a truly precious contribution to scholars and researchers attracted to the dynamics in the back of the Moroccan democratization and the position of electoral politics in North African and center japanese politics.

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Additional info for Democratization in Morocco: The Political Elite and Struggles for Power in the Post-Independence State (Routledge Studies in Middle Eastern Politics)

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Tensions within society continued to grow after the Rif rebellion. Large segments of the population suffered under the severe economic crisis, and many were also fiercely opposed to the continued presence of American military bases on Moroccan soil. These growing tensions also had their impact on the Istiqlal, widening the already existing gulf between the party’s two wings. The left wing under the leadership of Ben Barka began to advocate publicly the holding of Government after independence 17 popular elections, and introducing limits on the powers of the monarchy, while also bringing an end to the presence of American bases in the country.

With the King and the indirectly elected members of parliament guaranteed such far-reaching powers, the 1962 constitution must be said not to have guaranteed the effective power to govern of the popularly elected members of parliament. Compared with the constitutional guarantees pertaining to political competition and the basic civil liberties of freedom of speech, assembly and association, those protecting the independence and superiority of the government were significantly weaker. In fact, the protection of the latter could virtually be characterized as lacking in the 1962 constitution; hence, the representatives elected by the citizenry were, to a large extent, denied their right to govern.

The improvements did not all concern parliamentary elections; however, also on the issue of the powers of the King did the new constitution prove more democratic than its predecessor, as the King’s powers were significantly restricted in several respects. Beginning with the provisions relating to parliamentary elections, like the 1970 constitution, the 1972 constitution maintained the principles of a one-house parliament and indirectly elected members, thereby decreasing competitiveness and ruling out governments formed on the basis of the voice of the electorate.

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