Introduction to Social Security: Policies, Benefits and by John Ditch

By John Ditch

Social safeguard varieties a massive sector of presidency coverage and social expenditure. executive job during this region affects at once on all electorate, and for that reason social safety coverage is the point of interest for a lot debate. everyone is tormented by social safety no matter if by way of investment it via taxation, or utilizing it while claiming unemployment or different advantages. Introduction to Social protection is an up to date textual content in this vital and complicated social coverage factor. It offers a moment creation for college students of social coverage and management and contains contributions from the superior identified and most beneficial names within the box.

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Extra resources for Introduction to Social Security: Policies, Benefits and Poverty

Example text

The aim of unemployment and sickness insurance is perhaps better described as poverty prevention than the relief of poverty. Poverty was often the result of losing employment or losing pay through sickness. By paying benefits to people soon after suffering a temporary reduction or loss of earnings, the intention was to stop people sliding into poverty in the first place rather than helping when they were there. Beveridge (1942) recognised that the main causes of poverty among those below retiring age were the interruption or loss of earnings through sickness and unemployment.

1987) ‘Deprivation’, Journal of Social Policy 16(2): 125–146. ——(1993) The International Analysis of Poverty, Milton Keynes: Harvester Wheatsheaf. Townsend, P. , Corrigan, P. and Kowarzik, U. (1987) Poverty and Labour in London: Interim Report of the Centenary Survey, London: Low Pay Unit. United Nations (1995) The Copenhagen Declaration and Programme of Action: World Summit for Social Development 6–12 March 1995, New York: United Nations Publications. Valentine, C. (1968) Culture and Poverty, Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

What will emerge from our review will be a picture of the aims of social security being constantly contested, defined and redefined, invented and reinvented, taken up and abandoned. We will also see how the aims that are identified are seldom one-dimensional; it is usually the case that a number of aims are being pursued at once, or that aims are qualified or restricted by constraints. Aims will also overlap and support each other, on the one hand, and contradict each other, on the other. We will also see that there is a useful distinction to be made between some of the long-standing aims that have been associated with the social security system and more recent attempts to use the benefit system to pursue new and wider aims.

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