Local Economic and Employment Development Entrepreneurship: by OECD. Published by : OECD Publishing

By OECD. Published by : OECD Publishing

This ebook offers a 'toolbox' of tools for entrepreneurship improvement in what frequently seem to be the main antagonistic environments for financial improvement in our towns, displaying how entrepreneurship can certainly prosper given definitely the right stimulus.&nb

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In time that company was purchased by a European firm that ultimately was encouraged to build a new facility within that distressed urban neighbourhood, using many of the financial assistance programmes discussed in this chapter. Though EDA loan guarantees are targeted to distressed urban neighbourhoods, they are not readily accessible to smaller businesses. However, they do provide funds to help larger companies to remain in distressed urban neighbourhoods and provide needed employment. In many cases these companies use local companies for goods and services, some of which are owned by area entrepreneurs.

All CDFIs share a common vision of expanding economic opportunity and improving the quality of life for low-income people and communities. The most common business models for CDFIs are: x Community Development Banks, which provide capital to rebuild economically distressed communities through targeted lending and investing. They are for-profit corporations with community representatives on their Boards of Directors. 36 Entrepreneurship: A Catalyst for Urban Regeneration – ISBN  © OECD 2004 x Community Development Credit Unions, which promote ownership of assets and savings and provide affordable credit and retail financial services to low-income people.

But even there, bank credits still represent 48% of external finance (Bank of England, 2000). Venture capital In terms of formal risk capital, we see a persistent increase in the number of enterprises that do not, or cannot, access venture capital finance. This phenomenon is often referred to as the equity gap. Recently, we have seen both a global slowdown of the market and a decline in the share of early investment. Management buy out (MBO) financing is still the most important element of the risk capital scene in Europe and one might ask if banks could not finance those MBOs through more creative credit constructions.

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