The guide to owning tarantulas by Jerry G. Walls

By Jerry G. Walls

An exceptional beginner's advisor to the correct environmental, dietary and ordinary wishes of this unique and infrequently misunderstood spider. Chapters on housing, feeding, paying for, and normal care. Replaces RE124, Tarantulas and Scorpions.

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An example of a secondary negative punisher is calling your dog to come and thus taking him away from something he was enjoying, such as leaving a doggy playgroup or ending a fun game of fetch. While there’s really no means of avoiding these situations, you will need to identify them and try to turn them into something positive. So the next time you call your dog to come inside from digging in the yard, think of offering him something that might be more enjoyable, such as eating his meal or doing some tricks for food rewards.

SECONDARY NEGATIVE PUNISHER Denying the dog any reaction or reward. This causes the dog to keep throwing out (performing) behaviors, as he hasn’t received a reward or punishment of any kind. SECONDARY REINFORCER These are actions that the receiver has to learn to like. ” SELF-REWARDING BEHAVIOR Anything that gives the dog pleasure without your involvement. Examples: Counter surfing, garbage hunting, jumping up, racing through a door. SHAPING Building a desired behavior through breaking it down into smaller portions, accomplishing those portions and then bringing them together for the complete desired behavior.

Purists of positive-reinforcement training may choose to wait for something that comes close to the response goal. They’ll gradually shape a behavior until it is finally what they want. This is fine if you are working with an animal that is not used to being touched or spoken to, an animal that doesn’t really care about your input as much as just getting that reward. It is an unemotional means of teaching, much like the Skinner Box. This method can also be used when working on an advanced behavior with a dog that is already knowledgeable in the basics and the click/reward system.

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